3:21 pm - Sunday March 20, 1003



JAYUM ANAK JAWAN, Professor of Politics and Government from Universiti Putra Malaysia’s Department of Government & Civilization Studies, Faculty of Human Ecology was one of four invited trainers on Federalism: Facts or Fantasies. The training was held in Bagan, Myanmar between 25 to 27 November, 2017. It was organized by Myanmar School of Politics, Yangon, with support from the Netherland Institute for Multi-Party Democracy, Demo Finland and Myanmar’s Union Election Commission.

The training was officiated by the Dutch Ambassador to Myanmar, HE Wouter Jurgens who in his speech noted the importance of building an inclusive democracy and the inspiration the multiparty audience at the Weekend training gave him. Acknowledging the current challenges to Myanmar’s democratization process, he encouraged participants to persevere, paraphrasing John F. Kennedy’s words that at times someone needs to take on an important challenge ‘not because it is easy, but because it is hard’.


Jayum shared Malaysia’s experiences in forging the Federation of Malaysia, and how the four regions that eventually came together in the new federation, that was the Federation of Malaya, Sarawak, North Borneo (Sabah) and Singapore, had held various discourses and consultations to find the best way on how to forge a working relation in the proposed new nation-state. He stressed that Malaysia’s federal arrangement is unique in that to ally various concerns of some regions, extra constitutional provisions were accorded and written into the constitution of the new nation-state. This was, he explained, to assure concerned regions that their worries were taken seriously and into consideration. He noted that there were many agreements that eventually found their ways into the Federal Constitution, but he also highlighted that disagreements should not necessarily be thrown out of view because they had been overwhelmed by power and majority arm twisting tactics. He acknowledged that the constitution is and should be a living document, and as such it will be evolving, subject to changes to make it better for all and in line with changing socio-economic and political environments.


The training was attended by close to 120 high level politicians representing all 31 political parties from Shan-, Kayin-, Kayah-, and Mon State, as well as Tanintharyi region (Myanmar’s eastern most areas). They included Members of the (State/Union) Parliament, Central Executive Committee members, campaign managers, as well as Ministers / Chief Minister / Attorney General / deputy speaker of the state parliament.

Other trainers for the 3-days training included the Indian Ambassador to Myanmar, HE. Vikram Misri, the Nigerian author and commentator, Ms. Kaine Agary, and Myanmar’s very own academic, Mr. Myat Ko Ko.


Filed in: Luar Negara, Rencana

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